The process of egg production
Eggs are included in many people’s diets, especially for breakfast as they contain many nutrients which are beneficial for our body. But do you know the process of egg production? Find out below…
- The first step would be egg-laying. This needs to take place in an environment that offers the hens suitable temperature and lighting. In the modern industry, computers are used to offer the correct temperature and humidity levels, appropriate ventilation, and lighting levels.
- Once the hens have laid their eggs, they should be collected immediately. If not, they will not be fresh.
- Only fertilised or eggs for hatching are washed. Egg washing ensures that the eggs are cleaned and disinfected to ensure a healthy chick – an egg washer machine will carry out this work using warm water and a nylon brush to clean the eggs.
- Different parts of the eggs are then examined. This includes the condition of the eggshell, albumen as well as the yolk. This process occurs for both hatching and eggs for consumption.
- Eggs for consumption then pass over an egg grading machine dividing the eggs into different weight categories for retail sale – many recipes will say to use so many certain size eggs for best results.
- Finally, the last step would be packing. To minimise breakage, the eggs are packed into cartons. Most are made from recycled wastepaper known as pulp. It is an excellent soft compound product providing great care for the egg during transport and each one is printed with the appropriate grade and size, as well as the expiry date/ sell-by date. All eggs for consumption will have the farm of production code printed on the shell.
After all the above is complete, the eggs are kept cool and shipped to the supermarket for consumers to purchase.